Electric motor designs can vary quite a lot, though in general they have three main parts: a rotor, a stator and a commutator.
What are the main parts of electric motor?
The components of an electric motor may include a rotor, thin sheets of stacked metal called laminations, a stator, wire windings, magnets, a commutator, brushes, poles, electrical interconnects and a housing.
What are the parts of electric motor and its functions?
Different Parts of an Electric Motor and Their Function
- A power supply – mostly DC for a simple motor.
- Field Magnet – could be a permanent magnet or an electromagnet.
- An Armature or rotor.
What are the six parts of a simple motor?
A simple motor has six parts: • Armature or rotor • Commutator • Brushes • Axle • Field magnet • DC power supply of some sort An electric motor is all about magnets and magnetism: A motor uses magnets to create motion.
What are the basic parts of a DC motor?
The basic parts of a brushed DC motor are:
- Case, bearing and stator magnets (stator, i.e. stationary),
- Motor shaft and washers,
- Armature / rotor,
- Commutator (and sometimes a Varistor), and.
- Brushes and terminals or leads.
What are two main components of an electric motor?
The two main components of this kind of motor are the stator (stationary element) and the rotor (rotating element). The stator is a fixed part of the stationary motor.
What are the types of motors?
Types of Electric Motors
- 1). DC Shunt Motor. …
- 2). Separately Excited Motor. …
- 3). DC Series Motor. …
- 4). PMDC Motor. …
- 5). DC Compound Motor. …
- 1). Synchronous Motor. …
- 2). Induction Motor. …
- 1). Stepper Motor.
What are 3 types of motor controls?
There are four basic motor controller and drive types: AC, DC, servo, and stepper, each having an input power type modified to the desired output function to match with an application.
What is the role of a simple motor?
Motors turn electrical energy into rotational motion called torque. … The simple motor built in class uses a coil that is a temporary electromagnet. This coil gets the force to help create torque from the electrical current supplied by the battery.
What are the three types of motors?
It is classified into three types; they are the induction motor, synchronous motor, the linear motor. The detail explanation of the motor is expressed below.
What is a simple motor?
The basic idea of an electric motor is really simple: you put electricity into it at one end and an axle (metal rod) rotates at the other end giving you the power to drive a machine of some kind. … When an electric current starts to creep along a wire, it creates a magnetic field all around it.
Which motor is used in hoist?
While PMDC motors are used in hoist, reel and winch applications up to 10 HP, wound field DC motors 14 are commonly used in industrial applications above this range and up to several hundred horsepower (HP), in both the standard and explosion proof types.
What does an electric motor need in order?
Electric motors work by converting electrical energy to mechanical energy in order to create motion. Force is generated within the motor through the interaction between a magnetic field and winding alternating (AC) or direct (DC) current.
What are the applications of DC motor?
Applications. DC motors are suitable for many applications – including conveyors, turntables and others for which adjustable speed and constant or low-speed torque are required. They also work well in dynamic braking and reversing applications, which are common in many industrial machines.
Why DC current is not used in homes?
Large transformers are used to run transmission lines at high voltages in order to keep losses to a minimum. But high voltage is dangerous, particularly to life, so bringing it into a house would not be an acceptable risk. … DC arcs do not “quench” as easily (because voltage does not go through zero).
How is a DC motor construction?
A simple DC motor has a stationary set of magnets in the stator and an armature with one or more windings of insulated wire wrapped around a soft iron core that concentrates the magnetic field. The windings usually have multiple turns around the core, and in large motors there can be several parallel current paths.